Saint Tryphon of Campsada
According to the Orthodox Book of Saints, on February 1 honor the memory of St. Tryphon has established itself as the protector of wine.
St. Tryphon was born in Campsada of Phrygia and his family came from poor districts. As a boy he took care of geese. His name is derived from the Greek τρυφή (tryphe) meaning “softness, delicacy”. He acquired fame as a healer, especially of animals, and is considered one of the Holy Unmercenaries, particularly invoked on farms.
The birthplace of the saint, the Phrygian Bithynia was famous for its vineyards and production of quality wine, and all the coasts of Marmara.
From his early years the Lord granted him the power to cast out demons and to heal various maladies. He once saved the inhabitants of his native city from starvation. Saint Tryphon, by the power of his prayer, turned back a plague of locusts that were devouring the grain and devastating the fields.
The names of beasts, according to the saint, thus causing the destruction of vines and fields are «plain, skolix, skolikokampi, skantharos Vrouchas, locust, epimalos, kaligaris, makropous, myrminx, fret, rygitis, psyllitis …» The prayers of St. Tryphon are being read by priests and the trees and plants are being blessed with holy water.
The memory of St. Tryphon is celebrated at the same time when growers are starting the “pruning” a very important task for growing the vineyards and for production.
Saint Tryphon gained particular fame by casting out an evil spirit from the daughter of the Roman emperor Gordian (238-244). Helping everyone in distress, he asked only one thing from them: faith in Jesus Christ, by Whose grace he healed them.
When the emperor Decius (249-251) assumed the imperial throne, he began a fierce persecution of Christians. Someone reported to the commander Aquilinus that Saint Tryphon was boldly preaching faith in Christ, and that he led many to Baptism. The saint was arrested and subjected to interrogation, during which he fearlessly confessed his faith.
He was subjected to harsh tortures: they beat him with clubs, raked his body with iron hooks, they scorched his flesh with fire, and led him through the city, after iron nails were hammered into his feet. Saint Tryphon bravely endured all the torments without complaint.
Finally, he was condemned to beheading with a sword. The holy martyr prayed before his execution, thanking God for strengthening him in his sufferings. He also asked the Lord to bless those who should call upon his name for help. Just as the soldiers raised the sword over the head of the holy martyr, he surrendered his soul into the hands of God. This event occurred in the city of Nicea in the year 250.
Christians wrapped the holy body of the martyr in a clean shroud and wanted to bury him in the city of Nicea, where he suffered, but Saint Tryphon in a vision commanded them to take his body to his native land to the village of Lampsacus. Later on, the relics of Saint Tryphon were transferred to Constantinople, and then to Rome.
In Russia, Saint Tryphon is regarded as the patron saint of birds. There is a story that when Tsar Ivan the Terrible was out hunting, his falconer carelessly allowed the Tsar’s favorite falcon to fly away. The Tsar ordered the falconer Tryphon Patrikeiev to find the bird within three days, or else he would be put to death. Tryphon searched all through the forest, but without luck.
On the third day, exhausted by long searching, he returned to Moscow to the place called Marinaya Grove. Overcome with weariness, he lay down to rest, fervently praying to his patron saint, the Martyr Tryphon, for help.
In a dream he saw a youth on a white horse, holding the Tsar’s falcon on his hand. The youth said, “Take the lost bird, go to the Tsar and do not grieve.” When he awakened, the falconer actually spotted the falcon on a pine tree. He took it to the Tsar and told him about the miraculous help he received from the holy Martyr Tryphon. Grateful to Saint Tryphon for saving his life, Tryphon Patrikeiev built a chapel on the spot where the saint appeared. Later on, he also built a church dedicated to the holy Martyr Tryphon in Moscow.
The holy martyr is greatly venerated in the Russian Orthodox Church as the heavenly protector of Moscow. Many Russian icons depict the saint holding a falcon on his arm.
Religious customs and traditions
How was it possible that the Greek populations of Eastern Rumelia (Ankhíalos, Sozopol, Mesimvria …) living in wooded areas of vines to ignore such a saint, which would ensure the protection of vineyards from potential disasters? The Anchialites loved St. Trifon with great reverence. On this day, no go for any course work in the vineyard, rather than gathering all the Church do artoklasia with holy water and boiled wheat for the memorial of St. Tryphon. The fact that koliva parethetan “painted” to form the Saint. Even took care to keep the grape harvest, to go on this day in church, to read and share to the faithful as a blessing. In the end, sprinkled with holy water the vines and fields, to have good production, a good year, with fertility and fecundity.
When later, in 1924, as the scholar-folklorist Zeta Papageorgopoulou like refugees uprooted and settled in their new homeland, they moved outside of the wine techniques and ways of worship. With the creation of the village of New Anchialos not lose time and build a chapel to St. Tryphon, to be able to perform their religious duties.
Since then, every year they continue to faithfully worship customs. Also, after the dismissal of the Divine Liturgy all have fun with local music, plenty of wine and traditional recipes. The festivities surrounding dancing groups in traditional dances, and many visitors have the opportunity to learn and have fun in a place steeped in wine history. The Anchialites honored with a special devotion their patron Saint, continuing the cultural tradition of so many centuries, which they received from their ancestors.
Troparion — Tone 4
Your holy martyr Tryphon, O Lord, / through his suffering has received an incorruptible crown from You, our God. / For having Your strength, he laid low his adversaries, / and shattered the powerless boldness of demons. / Through his intercessions, save our souls!
Kontakion — Tone 8
By the power of the Trinity you destroyed polytheism to the ends of the earth, / and you were honored by Christ, all-glorious Tryphon; / having conquered tyrants through Christ the Savior, / you received your crown of martyrdom and the gift of divine healing, for you are invincible.